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General characteristics of athletics

"Athletics" means "fight", "race", "duel", "overrun", race "(from the Greek word" atlas "). The name "track and field" has a conditional nature - originating from the freedom and ease with which the track and field exercises are performed, as well as to distinguish it from "track and field". For the first time, the term athletics of modern importance is encountered in England in 1806 (Prof. Stoykov Labor)

            The disciplines in athletics are naturally applied exercises, whose systematic practice helps in the complex development of physical qualities and enrichment of the motor culture of children. The nature of the exercises allows them to be dosed according to the capabilities of the practitioners.

- Walking at different lengths and speeds helps improve the cardiovascular system and the respiratory system.

- Running conveys greater demands on the body, loads all muscle groups, has a formative effect on the respiratory, cardiovascular and nervous systems, helps to improve metabolism. Running at different speeds nurtures the ability to scale efforts, to spend wisely and distribute forces, to automate motor actions, to cultivate a range of moral and will qualities.

-The jumps help to strengthen the skeletal muscles and joints, build up the skills of the practitioners to concentrate their efforts, to manage movements in time and space. They are an excellent tool for developing speed and explosive power.

- Characteristic of throws is the active involvement of a large number of muscle groups: the legs, the body, the shoulder girdle and the arms. Throwing develops explosive force, accurate movement coherence, the ability to concentrate effortlessly.

Conclusion: The training tools used by athletics are related to comprehensive regional-global exercises, characterized by rapid movement actions included in fast-dynamic training methods.